Most people don't stop to think about their kidneys, yet life depends on them. These fist-sized organs are located on either side of the spine at about waist height, and they play a crucial role in maintaining health.
One of the most common causes of acute kidney failure, also called acute renal failure, is the sudden loss of blood flow to the kidneys such as seen in trauma, surgery, septic shock, heavy bleeding, burns or acute dehydration. Infections can cause kidney failure, especially if they cause the kidneys to be infected as well. More rarely, acute tubular necrosis can cause the disease.
Harmful wastes can augment in your body. Your blood pressure could get higher. Your body might keep surplus fluid and not make enough red blood cells. This is named kidney failure. Hence, it is a state in which the kidneys fail to work sufficiently.
Kidney failure can generally be divided into two types: acute kidney failure and chronic kidney disease. Acute failure is the hasty loss of the capacity of the kidneys to take away waste and deliberate urine with no losing electrolytes.
If your vet suspects kidney failure in a cat she will evaluate your cat's BUN. BUN stands for blood urea nitrogen, as well as the creatinine levels. When these are elevated it means your cat's kidneys aren't working right and need extra help.
Traditionally, treating renal failure in cats is determined by the disorder causing the condition. If acute kidney failure is caused by a urinary tract blockage the stone must be removed immediately. Treating chronic renal failure is done with a more conservative approach. This may include intravenous fluid therapy and changes to diet.
Ultrasound of the abdomen and biopsy are the other tests that would be suggested by the doctor to dig deep. If the is at the stage that the kidney could be saved by medications or a minor surgery for that matter - these are undertaken to prevent a total kidney failure. And in c se noting could be done, and then kidney transplantation in considered if both the kidneys fail to function the way they should.
There are many causes of dog kidney problems, including exposure to toxins such as those found in some common houseplants and household chemicals such as pesticides and antifreeze. In other cases, kidney failure may be caused by another underlying disorder such as heart disease, kidney tumors or severe dehydration.
This diet is usually done with other treatments for kidney failure. The two major treatments for kidney failure are dialysis and transplantation. The former has two kinds of procedures-hemodialysis (accessed via IV route) and peritoneal dialysis (done via the abdomen). The latter, on the other hand, involves a more complex pre-operation.
With a research based diet for kidney failure, renal recovery is almost guaranteed. It is, however, important to be started as immediately as possible to prevent long term damage.
The allowed protein intake that you consume must be of high biologic value (dairy products, eggs, meats). High biologic value proteins means those that are complete proteins and supply the essential amino acids necessary for growth and cell repair. There are many kidney disease diet out there that can also help you identify foods which are of high biologic value.
Usually, the fluid allowance is around 500 mL more than the previous day's 24- hour urine output. Calories are supplied by carbohydrates and fat to prevent wasting. Vitamin supplementation is necessary because a protein-restricted diet does not provide the necessary complement of vitamins. Additionally, the patient on dialysis may lose water-soluble vitamins from the blood during the dialysis treatment.